CARS 2018 Topics


32nd International Congress and Exhibition on Computer Assisted Radiology (CAR)

Chair: Ulrich Bick, MD (D)

  • Medical Imaging, e.g. DR, CT, MR, Virtual Endoscopy, US, SPECT, PET and Molecular Imaging
  • Computer Assisted Cardiovascular Imaging
  • Image Processing and Display
  • Quantitative Imaging Biomarkers
  • Medical Workstations
  • Interventional Radiology
  • Minimally Invasive Spinal Therapy
  • Image Guided Diagnosis and Therapy of the Prostate
  • Ablation Therapies
  • Image Guided Radiation Therapy
  • Nanotechnology for Imaging and Therapy
  • Telemedicine, E-health and Multimedia EPR
  • Expert Systems and Computer Assisted Education
  • Economic and Management Issues
  • Security, Legal and Ethical Aspects
  • PACS Architecture, Workstation Design and Workflow
  • Image Distribution, Storage and Archiving Strategies
  • Interoperability and Standardization
  • Managing Radiation Dose and Contrast Media
  • Clinical Decision Support Systems

22nd Annual Conference of the International Society for Computer Aided Surgery (ISCAS)

President: Pierre Jannin, PhD (F)

  • Augmented Reality, Virtual Reality for Surgery and Interventions
  • Image Processing and Visualization
  • Intraoperative Devices and Sensors
  • Intraoperative Imaging
  • Computer-assisted Planning
  • Surgical Navigation
  • Navigated Control
  • Surgical Robotics and Instrumentation
  • 3D Modelling and Rapid Prototyping
  • Methods of Validation and Verification
  • Evaluation of CAS Systems
  • Postoperative Result Assessment
  • Surgical Knowledge and Decision Management
  • Decision and Action Support in Surgical Management
  • Situation Awareness in the OR
  • Surgical Skill Assessment
  • Surgical Workflow Analysis
  • Surgical Simulation, Education and Training
  • Ergonomics, User Interfaces, Haptics and Multimodal Devices in Surgical Applications
  • Brain-Computer Interface, Neurostimulation
  • Computer aided surgery in neuro, ENT, orthopaedic and spinal, cardiovascular, thoracic, gastroenterological, gynaecological, and urological surgery
  • Image Guided Navigation Surgery
  • Minimally Invasive Robotic Surgery
  • Image Guided Therapy

20th International Conference on Computer-Aided Diagnosis and Artificial Intelligence (CAD-AI)

Chairman: Hiroyuki Yoshida, PhD (USA)

  • Deep Learning / Machine Learning
  • Radiomics
  • CAD for Precision Medicine
  • 3D Printing
  • Grand Challenges in CAD
  • Quantitative Imaging
  • Risk Assessment
  • Decision Support Systems
  • Comparative Evaluation and Fusing CAD systems
  • Content-based Image Retrieval
  • Observer Performance Studies
  • Clinical Evaluation
  • Cloud CAD
  • CAD for Breast, Lung, Colon and Gastrointestinal Tract, Eye/Retina, Head and Neck, Liver, Prostate, Musculoskeletal, (Cardio-)Vascular, Multiple Organ Systems, and Dentistry
  • CAD for Oncology
  • CAD for Histopathology and Microscopy

24th Computed Maxillofacial Imaging Congress (CMI)

Chairman: Christos Angelopoulos, PhD (USA)
Co-chair: Yoshihiko Hayakawa, PhD (J)

  • New Imaging Devices and Novel Applications
  • Evidence-based Selection Criteria in Digital Maxillofacial Imaging
  • Craniomaxillofacial Computer-Aided Diagnosis
  • Maxillofacial Image Processing
  • Cranial and Maxillofacial Image Guided Surgery
  • Image Navigated Dental Implantology
  • Orthodontic and Endodontic Applications of Computed Imaging
  • Imaging and Modelling for Maxillofacial Prosthodontics
  • Cone Beam and Multislice CT
  • Maxillofacial MRI and Ultrasound Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Image Fusion and Subtraction
  • 3D and 4D Imaging
  • Multi-dimensional Maxillofacial Modelling
  • Virtual Reality and Dental Robotics
  • Interoperability and Maxillofacial Applications in IHE

9th Conference on Information Processing in Computer-Assisted Intervention (IPCAI)

Chairs: Kensaku Mori, PhD (J), Parvin Mousavi, PhD (CDN), Danail Stoyanov, PhD (UK)

  • Surgical Data Science
  • Interventional Imaging
  • Systems and Software
  • Evaluation and Validation
  • Tracking and Navigation
  • Interventional Robotics
  • Surgical Planning and Simulation
  • Advanced Intra-operative Visualization and User Interfaces
  • Augmented Reality for Medical Applications
  • Surgical Skill Analysis and Workflow

IFCARS / ICCAS Workshop on Integrated Patient Care

Chairmen: Andreas Dietz, MD (D), Heinz U. Lemke, PhD (D)

  • CARS, Oncology and Digital Pathology
  • Tumor Boards
  • Unified Inference Frameworks
  • Clinical Decision Support Systems
  • Innovative Clinical Investigations
  • Model-Guided Medicine
  • Patient-Specific Modelling
  • Model Management
  • Clinical Examples of Personalized Medicine in Oncology

3rd ISCAS / CAD / IFCARS Joint Symposium on Multidisciplinary Computational Anatomy (MCA)

Chairs: Makato Hashizume, MD (J), Hiroyouki Yoshida, PhD (USA), Heinz U. Lemke, PhD (D)

  • Micro-computational Anatomy
  • Physiological Modeling in Multi-computational Anatomy
  • Surgery Using Multi-computational Anatomy
  • Mathematical Foundation of Multi-disciplinary Computational Anatomy
  • Robotics and Multi-disciplinary Computational Anatomy
  • Multi-disciplinary Computational Anatomy Assisting Radiology

11th CARS Clinical Day

Chairmen: Leonard Berliner, MD (USA), Eric vanSonnenberg, MD (USA), Hubertus Feussner, MD (D)

  • Clinical Innovations in Imaging and Interventional Radiology
  • Clinical Innovations in Surgery
  • The Future: Impact of Engineering/Informatics in Radiology and Surgery
  • Computer Assisted Radiology and Minimally Invasive Therapy
  • Results of Innovative Clinical Investigations

20th IFCARS / SPIE / ISCAS Joint Workshop on the Digital Operating Room (DOR)

Chairmen: Yoshihiro Muragaki, MD (J), Heinz U. Lemke, PhD (D)

  • Surgical Workflow
  • Intelligent Operating Room
  • Therapy Imaging and Model Management Systems
  • Surgical PACS
  • Interoperability, DICOM and IHE in Surgery
  • Management and Assessment of OR Systems Integration
  • Architectures of ORs and Interventional Suite

Special Events on Cardiovascular Computer-assisted Medicine

Friday, June 22, 2018

In order to achieve a holistic system view on a patient's disease status and to better tailor therapies to the individual needs of a patient, computational modeling concepts for the cardiovascular system integrate medical data from different biological scales (organ, tissue, cell) and different sources (imaging, clinical information, omics).  First methods have reached already an advanced stage of development so that they are introduced into clinical application. Simulation models require advanced methodologies to extract the required input information from clinical measurements such as imaging, or sensors. Furthermore, visualization and virtual treatment approaches have to be provided to enable interaction and prediction of therapy outcomes. The sessions of this event focus on the different aspects of modeling in the cardiovascular system ranging from image-based model generation to intraoperative guidance. Invited clinical and technical experts start the sessions and participate in discussions at the end of each session.


  • Image-based assessment of CV function and bloodflow
  • CV Modelling and simulation
  • Electro-Biomechanics, CFD, physiology
  • CV intraoperative monitoring and therapyplanning
  • Risk assessment/prediction
  • Outcome prediction

Session 1 - Innovations and trends in cardiovascular intervention support
Chairs: A. Hennemuth, F. Degener

Session 2 - Analysis and simulation of cv hemodynamics in congenital heart disease
Chairs: B. Köhler, S. Nordmeyer

Session 3 - Analysis and simulation of cv hemodynamics in adults
Chairs: H. Mirzaee, B. Preim

Session 4 - Analysis and simulation of cv electrophysiology & biomechanics
Chairs: K. Tönnies, T. Kühne


Special Session on Machine Intelligence

Chairs: Heinz U. Lemke, PhD (D), Hiroyuki Yoshida, PhD (USA)

Thursday, June 21, 2018

Contrary to the popular and general concept of Artificial Intelligence, the more neutral expression Machine Intelligence (MI) is used at CARS as an umbrella term for this very significant information technology. In general, MI is presented and discussed at CARS in the specific context of assisting medical diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in radiology and surgery. Machine learning, deep learning and Clinical Decision Support Systems are typical examples of MI in sessions of past CARS Congresses. Within this specific medical focus, MI is providing new technical and clinical capabilities using advanced mathematical methods and innovative information technology tools. The CARS 2018 Special Session on Machine Intelligence addresses 5 critical questions relating to the substance, relevance, applications, impact and implications of mathematical methods and algorithms of MI:

1. What qualifies a mathematical method or an information technology tool to be considered as machine, artificial or computational intelligence (or any other synonym or near-synonym) for radiology or surgery?

2. Which mathematical method or information technology tools are of particular relevance for applying MI in radiology and surgery?

3. How can these mathematical method or information technology tools for MI be applied to improve clinical work flow and/or patient outcome?

4. When can results and impact of MI be expected for improved clinical workflow and patient outcome?

5. What are the potential economic, social and ethical implications of MI in radiology and surgery specifically, and in health care generally?

The potential answers to these questions are likely to be of a very divergent nature. A group of experts at CARS will endeavor to converge the answers to reproducible and actionable insights. These should also serve as guidelines for future research in MI for computer assisted radiology and surgery.


Technical Standardization in the OR – Standards, Use Cases, Benefits and Potentials

Chair: Thomas Neumuth, PhD (D)

Medical device interoperability facilitates integrated, intelligent operating rooms that are situation-aware and are able to adapt and support the medical personnel appropriately. To anchor current and future accomplishments of science and engineering in the daily clinical routine, standardization is indispensable. This session addresses different standards with the potential to contribute to emerging technologies in the operating room. Therefore, well-established standards as well as promising and emerging ones are introduced and discussed with respect to their suitability, current trends, interconnections to other standards and future potential for the digital operating room.

Focus of presentations:

  • Medical information technology standards in the operating room
  • Medical device interaction by utilizing IEEE11073
  • HL7 FHIR – Introduction, current developments &potentials
  • DICOM Surgery – Introduction, goals and current work items
  • IHE Surgery – Introduction, goals and current work items

Tutorial on Rapid prototyping of image guided therapy applications on open source software platform

Chairs: Gabor Fichtinger PhD (CDN), Sonja Pujol, PhD (USA), Javier Pascau, PhD (E)

Many published methods and algorithms never get translated to clinical testing due to the required efforts in software development and system integration; their potential benefits to patients remain unexplored and much valuable work is lost. The objective of this tutorial is to provide hands-on experience in building surgical navigation systems for clinical research using open-source software, requiring only very minimal (or no) coding background. The software tools to be used in the tutorial were developed with the goal of speeding up translation of new methods and algorithms from the laboratory environment to clinical research on patients.

Software tools used will include the PLUS toolkit for interfacing various hardware devices, 3D Slicer for creating user interfaces and data visualization, and the SlicerIGT extension for real-time navigation.

Learning outcomes

  • Concepts and issues surrounding open-source software, especially translation to operating rooms for clinical research applications
  • Introduce participants to modern open-source technologies used image-guided intervention
  • Provide hands-on experience in application prototyping using open-source resources
  • Foster collaboration between academic groups through open-source software

Special registration required.